There are three types of resume most commonly described; they are:
- Chronological Resume.
- Functional Resume.
- Combination Resume or Transition Resume.
Chronological ResumeThe Chronological Resume is the most traditional method of summarizing your employment information and it is the one that this guide advocates. Its key feature is the fact that it arranges your work experience chronologically and usually elaborates on skills and accomplishments within the body copy of the Work Experience section. Its weakness is the fact that it can’t help you hide a recent position you’d rather forget you ever accepted.
Points to remember with a Chronological Resume are:
- You should ideally relate your Work History to your current targeted position.
- You should have a stable Work History with few gaps and nothing to be ashamed about.
- Your Work History should demonstrate a logical progression toward your current objective.
Functional ResumeThe Functional Resume differs from the Chronological Resume in the way it presents information. Unlike a Chronological Resume, which leaves you vulnerable to gaps in your work history, the Functional Resume can help you hide a past position that you’d rather forget. The Functional Resume’s key feature is the fact that it highlights your skills and achievements without referring those skills to any particular past position. For this reason, the Functional Resume is a favorite with people who have something to hide. This is a very good reason for not using the format if your past Work Experience is nothing to be ashamed of as recruiters/interviewers will be aware of the benefits of a Functional Resume as well.
Points to remember about a Functional Resume are:
- You should use it if your Work History is repetitive and your past positions lack variety
- You should use it if your Work History is composed of differing kinds of position types that do not form a cohesive whole
- You might want to use it if you are dramatically changing careers. This will allow you to emphasize your transferable skills rather than your growth in a certain kind of industry or job
- You should use this type of resume if your skills have been learned through schooling rather than work experience.
- You should use this type of resume if you are switching career tracks or returning to the workforce after a hiatus.